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Assessing Intra-Community Public Health Impacts from Compounding Food, Energy, and Water Insecurities


Puerto Rico recurrently experiences compounding and interacting climatic- and non-climatic hazards. These diverse hazards (e.g., hurricanes, earthquakes, pandemic) pose complex risks within and across interconnected food, energy, and water (FEW) systems—resulting in significant and adverse public health outcomes. For this study, we developed, piloted, and validated a problem-focused, solutions-oriented, and community-centered survey in Corcovada, Puerto Rico, which assesses household FEW insecurity experiences and associated health risks before, during, and after single and compounding hazards.

Co-authors: Anaís Delilah Roque, Enid Quintana Torres, Sameer H. Shah, Fernando Cuevas, Fernando Tormos-Aponte

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